Hand, Power & Air Toolsa
Last updated on
Thursday, September 17, 2020 05:54:53 AM Mountain US Time Zone


Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers, Pliers Cutters Specialty, Hammers, Punches, Chisels & Hooks,
Imperial Wrenches, Metric Wrenches, Socket Sets, Hex Wrenches, Wire Strippers & Crimpers, Clamps, Files, Planer, Air Tools, Saws

Refer to the Hardware Section, too.

Phillips Screw Drivers

Many of my
very durable
Craftsman tools are over 40 years old.

1/4" Reed Prince tip (bottom).

Phillips #0, #1, #2, #3, #4 screw drive types

The shape of a Phillips #2 tip (left) as compared
to that of a 1/4" Reed Prince tip (right).
The pointed Reed Prince drive does not cam
out under high torque like a Phillips type &
is often used in marine applications.

Slotted Screwdrivers

Large, twelve-inch long shank with a 7/16"
wide blade slotted screwdriver.

Car door fastner pry tool (left).
Torx & Robertson drivers
plus a cotter pin puller (bottom).

Gun Screwdriver Sets

Chapman gun screwdriver set; high
quality (USA). Metric bits available, too.
Gun screwdrivers are hollow-ground so the blade
surfaces are parallel (not a wedge) thus, by matching the
blade's width & thickness to the screw's slot, a precise
fit can be obtained. A better slot fit reduces/eliminates
damage to the screw. Some tips are frangible & are
designed to break before causing damage via over torque.

Chapman metric hex bits (USA); hardened steel.  

Ratchet handles for screw bits.
These can get into tight places.

Wheeler gun screwdriver set (USA).
The bits are frangible Gunsmithing screwdriver set

Torque is the tendency of a force to rotate
an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.  

A torque screwdriver set to 20 in-lbs.

Torque ranges are specified for different screw &
bolt types. Torque screwdriver instructions
It varies as a function of size, material, number
of threads, hardness, plating, lubrication, etc.
There are numerous torque reference tables
available on the web; it's common to over-torque.
 Store torque wrenches at the lowest setting
to help maintain long-term accuracy.

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This open-weave drawer liner has anti-microbial
properties that prevent bacterial growth.
The non-slip black cushion protects the instruments &
keeps them from moving (banging) around, too.

 Small Screwdrivers

Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) Driver

The JIS driver tip geometry compared
to the US standard Phillips driver.

JIS-type screws are used in
Japanese camera equipment & electronics.

Using a Phillips driver in a JIS screw
will not grip well & likely distort it.

JIS/Slotted driver set.
Sizes: #00, #0, #1 JIS, & .055, .070
slotted bits with plastic handle (USA).
Magnetize the tip to help handle small (ferrous) screws.



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Pliers, Cutters, Specialty

This tool works on both internal & external snap rings.
Supplied with multiple tip sizes. 

Round needle-nose tips help shape wire.

Parallel jaws reduce marring
precious metals for jewelry.

These Klein utility scissors are a very useful tool;
very well made. The leather holster is handy.
There are two wire stripper slots & the
blades are serrated. OAL =  5-1/4" (13.5cm).

The small diagonal cutter (second from left)
is over 40 years old; Lifetime Warranty.

Compound diagonal cutters.









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My favorite, a 4-oz ball-peen hammer (USA).

Europeans seem to favor this style of
hammer-head shape; purchased in The Netherlands.







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Punches, Chisels, & Hooks

Starrett punches (left), finish-nail punches (top),
Craftsman punches (center). The two long tapered tools
are for aligning parts (USA). All Starrett tools are excellent.

Metric punches:
2mm, 4mm, 5mm, 6mm, & 8mm (Germany).

Long punches (import).

Standard center punch (USA).
Automatic punches are easier to use more accurately.

Scribes & automatic center punches. Top to bottom:
Starrett surface gauge steel scribe, a diamond-tipped
 scribe, a carbide-tipped scribe, two large-body
punches that make deep marks, two high-precision
punches that have fine, sharply pointed replaceable
tips & the last punch has small replaceable tips.
Regular punches have a 90 deg angled tip whereas
prick punches have a more narrow-angled point.
See the Layout Section

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Various chisels (USA).

Various hooks mainly for removing/tensioning
springs in tight locations. The bottom set has
three screw-on handles for compact storage &
that can be combined to extend one's reach.

Hook set collapsed for storage (USA).


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Imperial Wrenches

Ignition wrenches.

Box wrenches are very strong & open-end
wrenches work well in tight places.
Six-point box wrenches are stronger than
12-point but the later works better in tight locations. 

Ratchet-style box wrenches.

Metric Wrenches

Miscellaneous metric wrenches used for lathes & mill.

Adjustable wrenches.

Strap wrenches.

Pipe wrenches.

Copper pipe cutters.






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Socket Sets

Imperial & metric 1/4-inch drive socket sets.

1/2-inch drive set.

3/8-inch drive set.

Imperial & metric 3/8-inch drive sets:
hex, deep socket, universal, adapters, spark-plug.

Imperial & metric 1/2-inch drive impact
socket sets with universal & extension.
Warning: Do not use standard sockets with an
impact wrench as they can crack & fragment. 

Air impact wrench.

Automotive tools.

1/2", 3/8", & 1/4" drive torque wrenches. Store torque
wrenches at the lowest setting to help maintain accuracy.
The top 3 wrenches measure ft-lbs or Newton-meters;
the bottom 1/4" drive wrench measures in-lbs or cm-kgs.

Imperial nut driver set.

Metric nut driver set.



















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Hex Wrenches

Imperial & metric hex wrench sets.
The two bottom sets are short-handle type.

Hex T-handle drivers;
Imperial/metric & ball-end/straight.

Metric (black) & Imperial (clear) hex driver sets.

Craftsman Imperial hex driver set (USA).
Imperial sizes in fractional inches:
1/4, 3/16, 5/32, 1/8, 9/64, 7/64, 3/32.

Bondhus metric hex driver set (USA).
Metric sizes in mm: 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2.5, 2, 1.5.

Wire Strippers, Crimpers & Electrical

Video coax & phone crimping tools.

Klein Tools















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Large Kant Twist clamps; 4.5", 3", 2.5" openings.
An excellent, versatile clamp design (USA).
Floating smooth & prismatic copper-coated jaws,
large deep-throat opening, copper-coated lead screw.
Always buy clamps in (multiples of 2) pairs.

2" & 1" clamps.

V-grooved, copper-coated, self-centering jaws.

Two parts are secured in the mill's vise with
small clamps. Short, stiff, stub drill bits used.


See the related Hand Vises Section.

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Simonds, Nicholson, & Craftsman files are
quite good. I prefer Simonds (USA).

It is important to have good handles on files especially
when they are being used on a part turning in a lathe
as it could catch & push it through one's hand or worse.
A handle also affords more accurate control.

Small diamond files (China).

A pin vise (USA), that stores needle files in the handle,
for general deburring of machined parts.

Fine files (regular & diamond) of various shapes & grits for deburring.

A steel file card used to remove stuck metal chips from the cutting edges.

(1) Point, (2) Cutting Edges, (3) Heel, (4) Tang, (5) File Length, & Handle.

CAUTION: Always use a handle when filing on a turning lathe part.
If it catches, it can jam the tang into your hand. Wear eye protection.


















































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Stanley hand drill #v03-803 (England).

Fiskars hand drill (USA).

Hand stapler (USA).

Stapler & small nail gun.

Air Tools

Air finishing nail gun; 120 PSI.

Air grinder.

Shop air supply compressor (manual).

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Corded drill when you need real power all day (USA).

See Drill Bit Section.

Milwaukee heavy-duty, two-speed hammer drill
with metal case; durable & powerful (GER).

Milwaukee Sawzall (USA).

1/4-sheet finishing sander.

Random orbital sander. This type works the best.

Industrial heat gun. Caution: Much hotter than any blow dryer.
It will quickly blister, warp, bubble, burn, and/or ignite material.

Heat gun nozzle attachments to
concentrate, spread, surround, or scrape.

Two Imperial rules (top) & a metric rule (bottom).

The Milwaukee tape has a small, strong magnet on the end.
A nicely designed, very durable tape measure.

165-ft (50m) tape rule.

Strait-Line Laser Tape (instructions).

Measures/calculates areas/volumes quickly & accurately.


Stud finder that has deep-scan,
metal studs, & electrical line modes.

Chalk line.

Plum bob.

Builder's square.

Milwaukee M18 2701-20 brushless cordless drill kit
in a durable plastic case. Uses all M18 battery sizes.
Compact, powerful, well-balanced with an ergonomic
rubberized grip. 1/2" metal chuck & metal gear housing.

Ratcheting chuck locks bits. Variable-speed trigger.
White LED work light stays on ten seconds after stopping.

3.7 lbs. with 2.0 Ah battery. Variable torque dial; 500 in-lbs. peak.
Two-speed transmission: 0-450, 0-1800 RPM. Rubber armored.

Red Lithium battery pack has 4 LEDs showing the amount of
charge with a button push or when mounted onto the wall charger.

Milwaukee Shockwave bit set. Very high
quality/precise/durable. Heavy-duty case.

Milwaukee magnetic nut driver
set of five: 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", 7/16", 1/2".

Milwaukee Titanium Shockwave
drill bit set with hex shafts.
29 pieces 1/16" to 1/2" by 1/64"

See the Drill Bits, Countersinks, Reamers & Counterbores Section

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Automotive gauges. Metric on the right.










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High-tension hacksaw.

Mini hacksaw.

Short-bladed wood saw.

Cuts through wood fast.

Miter saw & box.

Drywall saw punctures & cuts fast.

These wood chisels hold their edges very well.
Big handles with steel-reinforced ends.

Wood rasp; fast material removal. 

Wood rasp blade detail.

Wood-turning tools for lathe.

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Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers, Pliers Cutters Specialty, Hammers, Punches, Chisels & Hooks,
Imperial Wrenches, Metric Wrenches, Socket Sets, Hex Wrenches, Wire Strippers & Crimpers, Clamps, Files, Planer, Air Tools, Saws