Hand Tools
Last updated on
Saturday, August 19, 2017 03:10:44 PM Eastern US Time Zone

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Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers, Pliers Cutters Specialty, Hammers, Punches, Chisels & Hooks,
Imperial Wrenches, Metric Wrenches, Socket Sets, Hex Wrenches, Wire Strippers & Crimpers, Clamps, Files, Planer, Saws

Phillips Screw Drivers

Many of these tools are over 30 years old. Very durable with an iron-clad warranty.


1/4" Reed Prince tip (bottom).


The shape of a Phillips No. 2 tip (left) as compared to that of a 1/4" Reed Prince tip (right).

Slotted Screwdrivers


Twelve-inch long shank with a 7/16" wide blade slotted screwdriver.


Torx & Robertson drivers plus a cotter pin puller (bottom).

Gun Screwdriver Sets

Chapman gun screwdriver set; high quality (USA). Metric bits available, too.
Gun screwdrivers are hollow-ground so the blade surfaces are parallel (not a wedge) thus, by matching the
blade's width & thickness to the screw's slot, a precise fit can be obtained. A better slot fit reduces/eliminates
damage to the screw. Some tips are frangible & are designed to break before causing damage via over torque.


Chapman metric hex bits (USA).


Ratchet handles for screw bits. These can get into tight places.


Wheeler gun screwdriver set (USA). Gunsmithing screwdriver set

Torque is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.  

A torque screwdriver set to 20 in-lbs.


Torque ranges are specified for different screw & bolt types. Torque screwdriver instructions
It varies as a function of size, material, number of threads, hardness, plating, lubrication, etc.
There are numerous torque reference tables available on the web; it's common to over-torque.
 Store torque wrenches at the lowest setting to help maintain long-term accuracy.

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Small Screwdrivers

Pliers, Cutters, Specialty


This tool works on both internal & external snap rings. Supplied with multiple tip sizes. 


Round needle-nose tips help shape wire.


Parallel jaws reduce marring precious metals for jewelry.


These Klein utility scissors are a very useful tool; very well made. The leather holster is handy.
There are two wire stripper slots & the blades are serrated. OAL =  5-1/4" (13.5cm).


The small diagonal cutter (second from left) is over 40 years old; Lifetime Warranty.


Compound diagonal cutters.

 

 

 


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Hammers


My favorite, a 4-oz ball-peen hammer (USA).


Europeans seem to favor this style of hammer-head shape; purchased in The Netherlands.

 

 

 

 


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Punches, Chisels, & Hooks

Starrett punches (left), finish-nail punches (top), Craftsman punches (center).
The two long tapered tools are for aligning parts (USA). All Starrett tools are excellent.


Metric punches; 2mm, 4mm, 5mm, 6mm, & 8mm (Gendore, Germany).


Long punches (import).


Standard center punch (USA). Automatic punches are easier to use more accurately.


Scribes & automatic center punches. Top to bottom: Starrett surface gage steel scribe, a diamond-tipped
 scribe, a carbide-tipped scribe, two large-body punches that make deep marks, two high-precision
punches that have fine, sharply pointed replaceable tips & the last punch has small replaceable tips.
Regular punches have a 90 deg angled tip whereas prick punches have a more narrow-angled point.
See the Layout Section

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Various chisels (USA).


Various hooks mainly for removing/tensioning springs in tight locations. The bottom set has
three screw-on handles for compact storage & that can be combined to extend one's reach.


Hook set collapsed for storage (USA),.

Imperial Wrenches

Ignition wrenches.


Box wrenches are very strong & open-end wrenches work well in tight places.
Six-point box wrenches are stronger than 12-point but the later works better in tight locations. 


Ratchet-style box wrenches.

Metric Wrenches


Miscellaneous metric wrenches used for lathes & mill.


Adjustable wrenches.


Strap wrenches.


Pipe wrenches.


Copper pipe cutters.

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Socket Sets

Imperial & metric 1/4-inch drive socket sets.


1/2-inch drive set.


3/8-inch drive set.


Imperial & metric 3/8-inch drive sets: hex, deep socket, universal, adapters, spark-plug.


Imperial & metric 1/2-inch drive impact socket sets with universal & extension.
Warning: Do not use standard sockets with an impact wrench as they can crack & fragment. 


Air impact wrench.


Automotive tools.


1/2", 3/8", & 1/4" drive torque wrenches. Store torque wrenches at the lowest setting to help maintain accuracy.
The top 3 wrenches measure ft-lbs or Newton-meters; the bottom 1/4" drive wrench measures in-lbs or cm-kgs.


Imperial nutdriver set.


Metric nutdriver set.

   

   

   

   

 

 


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Hex Wrenches

Imperial & metric hex wrench sets. The two bottom sets are short-handle type.


Hex T-handle drivers; Imperial/metric & ball-end/straight.


Metric (black) & Imperial (clear) hex driver sets.


Craftsman Imperial hex driver set (USA). Imperial sizes in fractional inches: 1/4, 3/16, 5/32, 1/8, 9/64, 7/64, 3/32.


Bondhus metric hex driver set (USA). Metric sizes in mm: 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2.5, 2, 1.5.

Wire Strippers & Crimpers

 

 

 

 

 

 
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Clamps

Large Kant Twist clamps; 4.5", 3", 2.5" openings. The best clamp design (USA).
Floating smooth & prismatic copper-coated jaws, large deep-throat opening, copper-coated lead screw.
Always buy clamps in (multiples of) pairs.


2" & 1" clamps.


Prismatic copper-coated, self-centering jaws.


Two parts are secured in the mill's vise with small clamps. Short, stiff, stub drill bits used.


C-clamps.

See the related Hand Vises Section.

   
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Files


Simonds, Nicholson, & Craftsman files are quite good. I prefer Simonds (USA).


It is important to have good handles on files especially when they are being used on a part turning in a
lathe as it could catch & push it through one's hand or worse. A handle also affords more accurate control.


Small diamond files (China).


A pin vise (USA), that stores needle files in the handle, for general deburring of machined parts.


Fine files (regular & diamond) of various shapes & grits for deburring.


A steel file card used to remove stuck metal chips from the cutting edges.


(1) Point, (2) Cutting Edges, (3) Heel, (4) Tang, (5) File Length, & Handle.

CAUTION: Always use a handle when filing on a turning lathe part.
If it catches, it can jam the tang into your hand. Wear eye protection.

   

  

   

   
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Planer


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Stanley hand drill #v03-803 (England).


Fiskars hand drill (USA).


Hand stapler (USA).


Stapler & small nail gun.
 


Air finishing nail gun; 120 PSI.


Air grinder.


Shop air supply compressor (manual).

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Corded drill when you need real power all day (USA).

See Drill Bit Section.


Milwaukee heavy-duty, two-speed  hammer drill with metal case; durable & powerful (GER).


Milwaukee Sawzall (USA).


1/4-sheet finishing sander.


Random orbital sander. This type works the best.


Industrial heat gun. Caution: Much hotter than any blow dryer.
It will quickly blister, warp, bubble, burn, and/or ignite material.


Heat gun nozzle attachments to concentrate, spread, surround, or scrape.


The Milwaukee tape has a strong magnet on the end. A nicely designed, very durable tape measure.


165-ft (50m) tape rule.


Strait-Line Laser Tape (instructions).


Measures/calculates areas/volumes quickly & accurately.


Levels.


Stud finder that has deep-scan, metal studs, & electrical line modes.


Chalk line.


Plum bob.


Builder's square.

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Saws

High-tension hacksaw.


Mini hacksaw.


Short-bladed wood saw.


Cuts through wood fast.


Miter saw and box.


Drywall saw punctures & cuts fast.


These wood chisels hold their edges very well. Big handles with steel-reinforced ends.


Wood rasp; fast material removal. 


Wood rasp blade detail.


Wood-turning tools for lathe.

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Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers, Pliers Cutters Specialty, Hammers, Punches, Chisels & Hooks,
Imperial Wrenches, Metric Wrenches, Socket Sets, Hex Wrenches, Wire Strippers & Crimpers, Clamps, Files, Planer, Saws

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