Bench Grinders & Polishers
Last updated on Friday, July 10, 2020 04:36:50 AM Mountain US Time Zone


Bench Grinder, Grinder Chuck, Polishers, Jigs, Pedestal Feet, Wheel Dressers,
Diamond Carbide Grinder, 2x42-inch Belt 6-inch Disk Combo Sander

WARNING: Grinders are Dangerous. Grinding wheels can break apart while turning at high speeds.
Always use appropriate eye, breathing & clothing protection. Read, understand &
follow all of the manufacturer's instructions.
Dust from grinding tool bits is dangerous if inhaled.

Never use a taper-mounted chuck without a drawbar if side forces are being applied.
Side forces can cause a taper-mounted chuck to loosen & spin-off at dangerously high speeds causing injury. 

Always wear ANSI (Z87.1) approved safety eye protection,
breathing protection, & gloves during machine & tool use.

Refer to the Material
Safety Data Sheet, or MSDS, for
regarding the properties of a particular substance.

See Tool Post Grinder Section.

Bench Grinder

Stock bench grinders can be modified to make them more useful for tool bit grinding & general shop use.
Often, a grinding wheel has a 1" hole but is used on a 1/2" shaft & is usually adapted using concentric plastic
spacer rings. Took a 1.000" aluminum dowel, centered it in the 9x20 4-jaw, faced it, centered drilled, then drilled a
31/64" hole. Chamfer the opening & then use a well-lubricated 0.500" reamer at the lowest RPM. When the
reamer is all the way through, stopped turning the part & then withdrew it to keep a tight tolerance. The spacer is a
tight, concentric fit to both the wheel & the grinder shaft. The wheel is now held very precisely on the grinder.
Use a star dresser followed by a carborundum dressing stick to make the surface smooth.

Aluminum shaft spacer for grinding wheel (1.000" OD,  0.500" ID, about 0.75" long).
Note: left-hand nut & thread on the left side of the grinder.

The next mod was the tool rest. Most grinders have inadequate rests & mine was no different.
Replaced it with the Veritas tool rest (tool rest manual). It is a great improvement over the OEM rest. 
It has a wide range of adjustment. Its best feature is the 1/2" x 1/2" channel on the tool rest platform
that is used to guide jigs. There are several jigs available but custom jigs may be fabricated to suit
any need. Shown is a jig that allows me to precisely grind tool bits at 60 deg for threading. The rest
mounts onto the bench. Tapped holes into the grinder mounting plate & used 1/4-20 socket head
cap screws with nylon washers. Note the 1/2" x 1/2" channel to guide jigs. The rest's center hole is for
(Veritas) pivoting jigs. The locking handles can be pulled & rotated to any detent position.

WARNING: DO NOT permanently remove the shrouds that covers the grinding wheel stone.

Grinder Chuck

Measuring total indicated runout (TIR) of the chuck using a dowel pin.

My Father always had a bench motor with an adapted, keyed drill chuck.
One of the most useful modifications is to mount a drill chuck onto right-hand side of a modern grinder motor.
A taper-mounted chuck is not recommended since sideway forces could easily cause it to come loose at speed.

The arbors usually have only two, 1/4-28 set screws. Drilled & tapped for three more set screws (as referenced
 from the center of the pre-existing set screw); one every 90 deg. Used hardened USA made set screws.
This set screw arrangement allows adjusting the runout in the same manner as a 4-jaw chuck.
 Most any keyed chuck can be used. Pictured is a Jacob's (USA) medium-duty 5/64" to 1/2" chuck.
This example is mounted onto a 1/2-20 threaded arbor. One could use a keyless chuck
(not recommended) but keyed chucks grip so much tighter. Hack-sawed the shaft threads off
 to place more motor shaft into the arbor. Use the drill chuck on the right side of the
 grinder since most accessories (arbors, sanding drums, etc.) are threaded for that turning direction.
 Use a full-face visor for eye protection. The reflexive tape is for use with a laser tachometer.

This grinder & its mounting plate were moved off the
bench to make way for the carbide grinder. It is now

on a free-standing, cast-iron pedestal having rubber feet
manual). A drill-bit sharpener can also be mounted.

Mounted grinding stones.

Polishing wheel with different compounds. A given
wheel should only have one type of compound on it.

White Rouge (White): gives a bright, shiny luster to
stainless steel, aluminum, iron, chrome, & nickel.

Emery Cake (Black): emery abrasive, gives sharp, fast
cutting action to remove scale, rust from iron & steel.

Red Rouge (Red): buffing gold, silver, sterling, platinum,
etc. Increases luster of already buffed surfaces.

Tripoli (Brown): for buffing aluminum, brass, copper,
pewter, bone, plastics, wood, & painted surfaces.

Abrasive disks of varying coarseness that
screw onto the rubber-backed arbor.

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Low-cost, all metal drill bit sharpener that uses a bench grinder.
Dress the grinder wheel before use. Grinding attachment manual.


Top & bottom view of a jig used to grind tool bits for threading.
It is rotated 180 deg to grind both angles.

The guide bar is 1/2" x 1/2" x 2". As an alternative,
use a lower temperature diamond grinder with its miter.

Pedestal Feet

Pedestal foot detail.

Wheel Dressers




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Diamond Carbide Grinder

1/2 HP, 3400 RPM, 100-lb. grinder for carbide with a 220
grit Norton diamond wheel (right side). Motor can rotate

 in either CCW or CW direction. An adjustable miter is
included. Quickly & accurately grinds carbide tool bits &

hardened steel. The cup has a valve & allows
coolant to be dripped onto the part while grinding.

The large, cast-iron pans under each wheel catch the
debris/liquid. Reference the
Six-inch tool grinder manual.

The 220 grit makes a nice smooth finish but
it removed metal too slowly. Mounted a

more aggressive 100 grit diamond wheel on
the left side making a good combination with

the 220 grit wheel. Diamond wheels do not need
(messy) dressing & last a very long time.

A solid square is used to set the
adjustable tilting table to 90 deg.

The adjustable miter is being set
to 90 deg using a solid square.

The 5C fixture clamping a bolt for grinding.
Holds parts normal (perpendicular); smooth finish.

The adjustable miter is being set
to 30 deg using a solid angle plate.

Diamond/CBN grinder wheel cleaning stick.
Grind only carbide & hardened steel. Soft

metals will load up the surface. If shaping a brazed
carbide tool bit, first grind the soft steel area

using a regular aluminum oxide wheel then
grind only the carbide with the diamond wheel.

Deburr the screw driver slot & cap the two water
cup holder pegs on top the grinder for protection.





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2x42-inch Belt 6-inch Disk Combo Sander

2x42-inch belt, 6-inch disk combo bench sander.
Operator's Manual. Specifications: 1/3HP, 120VAC,
3.5A, disk 3500 RPM, belt 4400 FPM, 2"x42" belt,

6" PSA (Pressure Sensitive Adhesive) disk,
weight 32-lbs. 1"x42" belts can also be used.

The motor is fully enclosed to keep metallic & wood
particles out. Heavy steel base with rubber feet.

I use this sander to finish metal or wooden
surfaces & edges of small parts.

The upper disk housing is cast aluminum.

The table pivots on two protrusions that slide into
L-slots shown here, then the locking knobs are attached.

If needed, zero the two red scale
pointers after setup with the square.

The disk table angle is adjustable 0 to 60 deg (down).
A 220 grit sandpaper disk is shown, attached.

The miter is of all aluminum construction.

The most accurate way to set the platen & miter is to
use a
square or other instruments e.g., a protractor.

Using a protractor to set a 20 deg
table & miter compound angle.

Disk table removed to show the dust collection housing.
Six screws are removed to replace the sanding disk.

Belt table or platen, installed. 120 grit belt, mounted.
angle is set in the same manner as the disk platen.
There is not miter & compound angles cannot be set on the belt table.

Steel work stop installed.

The easy access belt housing locking bolt.

Belt housing moved to & locked in the horizontal position.
Housing supported by the horizontal stop (RT).

The belt housing is cast aluminum
shown with its plastic cover removed.

Two captured knobbed bolts hold the cover.

Lower aluminum belt drum.

Spring-loaded belt release handle (RT). The belt centering
adjustment bolt with locking nut is at the top-center.

Here a 1" x 42" 220 grit belt is mounted.

1-1/2" rear dust chute for the disk.












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Tempering Colors  Temperature Conversion

Bench Grinder, Grinder Chuck, Polishers, Jigs, Pedestal Feet, Wheel Dressers,
Diamond Carbide Grinder,
2x42-inch Belt 6-inch Disk Combo Sander