Hand, Power & Air Tools
Last updated on Sunday, January 09, 2022 07:25:50 AM Mountain US Time Zone
Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers,
Refer to the Hardware Section, too.
Phillips Screw Drivers
1/4" Reed Prince tip (bottom).
Phillips #0, #1, #2, #3, #4 screw drive types
The shape of a Phillips #2 tip (left) as compared
to that of a 1/4" Reed Prince tip (right).
The pointed Reed Prince drive does not cam
out under high torque like a Phillips type &
is often used in marine applications.
Large, twelve-inch long shank with a 7/16"
wide blade slotted screwdriver.
Car door fastener pry tool (left).
Torx & Robertson drivers
plus a cotter pin puller (bottom).
Gun Screwdriver Sets
Chapman gun screwdriver set; high
quality (USA). Metric bits available, too.
Gun screwdrivers are hollow-ground so the blade
surfaces are parallel (not a wedge) thus, by matching the
blade's width & thickness to the screw's slot, a precise
fit can be obtained. A better slot fit reduces/eliminates
damage to the screw head.
Chapman metric hex bits (USA); hardened steel.
Ratchet handles for screw bits.
These can get into tight places.
Torque is the tendency of a force to rotate
an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.
A torque screwdriver set to 20 in lb.
Torque ranges are specified for different screw &
bolt types. Torque screwdriver instructions
It varies as a function of size, material, number
of threads, hardness, plating, lubrication, etc.
There are numerous torque reference tables
available on the web; it's common to over-torque.
Store torque wrenches at the lowest setting
to help maintain long-term accuracy.
Worx Pegasus portable worktable, clamping
system & sawhorse. Best, super sturdy, most
versatile portable worktable I have ever used.
Max loads: 300lb (135kg) as a table &
1000lb (454kg) as a sawhorse.
Two clamps & four dogs store compactly.
Each side can be folded down, independently.
Metal-on-metal locks. Folds to a compact size.
Large, non-slip, rubber feet that stay attached.
Tables can be joined together.
Caution: multiple pinch points.
The clamp handle is secured via a retractable bolt.
The bolt retracts when the tightening handle is pulled.
The other end of the clamp is secured in a channel.
Tray, slots & holes for tools.
Torx, Slotted (flat-head),
Phillips (star) type screwdrivers.
JIS-type screws are used in
Japanese camera equipment & electronics.
Using a Phillips driver in a JIS screw
will not grip well & likely distort it.
JIS/Slotted driver set.
Sizes: #00, #0, #1 JIS, & .055, .070
slotted bits with plastic handle (USA).
Magnetize the tip to help handle small (ferrous) screws.
This Channellock tool works on both internal &
external snap rings. Supplied with multiple tip sizes.
Round needle-nose tips for shaping wire.
Parallel jaws reduce marring
precious metals for jewelry.
These Klein utility scissors are a very useful tool;
very well made. The leather holster is handy.
There are two wire stripper slots & the
blades are serrated. OAL = 5-1/4" (13.5cm).
The small diagonal cutter (second from left)
is over 40 years old; Lifetime Warranty.
Compound diagonal cutters.
My favorite, a 4-oz ball-peen hammer (USA).
Punches, Chisels, & Hooks
Starrett punches (left), finish-nail punches (top),
Craftsman punches (center). The two long tapered tools
are for aligning parts (USA). All Starrett tools are excellent.
2mm, 4mm, 5mm, 6mm, & 8mm (Germany).
Long punches (import).
Standard center punch (USA).
Automatic punches are easier to use more accurately.
Various chisels (USA).
Various hooks mainly for removing/tensioning
springs in tight locations. The bottom set has
three screw-on handles for compact storage &
that can be combined to extend one's reach.
Hook set collapsed for storage (USA).
Box wrenches are very strong & open-end
wrenches work well in tight places.
Six-point box wrenches are stronger than
12-point but the later works better in tight locations.
Ratchet-style box wrenches.
Miscellaneous metric wrenches used for lathes & mill.
Copper pipe cutters.
3/8-inch drive set.
Imperial & metric 3/8-inch drive sets:
hex, deep socket, universal, adapters, spark-plug.
Air impact wrench.
1/2", 3/8", & 1/4" drive torque wrenches. Store torque
wrenches at the lowest setting to help maintain accuracy.
The top 3 wrenches measure ft-lb or Newton-meters;
the bottom 1/4" drive wrench measures in-lb or cm-kg.
Metric nut driver set.
Imperial & metric hex wrench sets.
The two bottom sets are short-handle type.
Metric (black) & Imperial (clear) hex driver sets.
Craftsman Imperial hex driver set (USA).
Imperial sizes in fractional inches:
1/4, 3/16, 5/32, 1/8, 9/64, 7/64, 3/32.
Bondhus metric hex driver set (USA).
Metric sizes in mm: 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2.5, 2, 1.5.
Crimpers & Electrical
Video coax & phone crimping tools.
2" & 1" clamps.
V-grooved, copper-coated, self-centering jaws.
Two parts are secured in the mill's vise with
small clamps. Short, stiff, stub drill bits used.
See the related Hand Vises Section.
Click on linked thumbnails
Simonds, Nicholson, & Craftsman files are
quite good. I prefer Simonds (USA).
It is important to have good handles on files especially
when they are being used on a part turning in a lathe
as it could catch & push it through one's hand or worse.
A handle also affords more accurate control.
Small diamond files.
A pin vise (USA), that stores needle files in the
handle, for general deburring of machined parts.
A steel file card used to remove stuck metal chips from the cutting edges.
(1) Point, (2) Cutting Edges, (3) Heel, (4) Tang, (5) File Length, & Handle.
CAUTION: Always use a handle when filing on a turning lathe part.
If it catches, it can jam the tang into your hand. Wear eye protection.
Stanley hand drill #v03-803 (England).
Fiskars hand drill (USA).
Stapler & small nail gun.
Shop air supply compressor (manual).
I have a much larger compressor for a big impact wrench
but it was not developing the needed torque. I changed from
a 1/2" to a 5/8" air supply hose & that made all the difference.
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See Drill Bit Section.
Milwaukee Sawzall (USA).
1/4-sheet finishing sander.
Random orbital sander. This type works the best.
Industrial heat gun. CAUTION: Much hotter than any blow dryer.
It will quickly blister, warp, bubble, burn, and/or ignite material.
Heat gun nozzle attachments to
concentrate, spread, surround, or scrape.
Two Imperial rules (top) & a metric rule (bottom).
The Milwaukee tape has a small,
strong magnet on the end.
A nicely designed, very durable tape measure.
165-ft (50m) tape rule.
Strait-Line Laser Tape (instructions).
Measures/calculates areas/volumes quickly & accurately.
Stud finder that has deep-scan,
metal studs, & electrical line modes.
Milwaukee M18 2701-20 brushless cordless drill
Red Lithium battery pack has 4 LEDs showing the amount of
charge with a button push or when mounted onto the wall charger.
Milwaukee magnetic nut drivers,
set of five: 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", 7/16", 1/2".
See theDrill Bits, Countersinks, Reamers & Counterbores Section
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Westinghouse iGen4500 Dual Fuel inverter power generator.
Well-designed, full-featured inverter that uses gas or propane.
Equipped with hand-pull start, electric start, & remote start.
This 100 lb unit has extensive double insulation; very quiet.
I installed the high-altitude carb jet (C) for 5000-6000 ft.
Little discussed, but engine power loss is 3.5%/1000 ft.
Gas with no ethanol content is best as it does not
leave deposits in the carb; but it's expensive.
Four carb jet kits (A, B, C, D) for higher altitudes:
OEM Jet 0'-2000', Jet A 2000'-3000', Jet B 3000'-5000',
Jet C 5000'-6000', Jet D 6000'-7000'. An aluminum
crush washer for the 10mm oil plug is also shown.
The WH video for carb jet replacement is overly complex.
Drain the carb bowl of gas. Remove the large access
panel & loosen the bolts along the bottom. Remove
the air cleaner housing & the carb bowl. Replace the
jet & reassemble. I did this before first start.
Used plastic bed risers to hold the 100 lb unit
high enough to change the oil. These low-cost
risers are very stable & sturdy. The recesses
on their tops securely hold the unit in place.
Note the stored, telescoping steel handle (left).
First oil change.
The motor's oil drain plug is a 10mm hex
bolt with an aluminum crush washer.
Below that, is a rubber-plugged hole in the
bottom housing to allow oil to drain.
A 10mm universal socket & 13mm Crowsfoot
(optional) may be useful for the oil drain plug.
The magnetic dipstick picks-up any metallic particles in the oil.
It's a tight location so I chose the paddle-style over a knurled knob.
Note the foam sound insulation, which is used thoughout the entire housing.
Parts kit with 1-1/4" spade bit, included.
Use an electronic stud finder, that includes
electral wire & metal stud detection, to
analyze the walls of candidate mounting sites.
Bring in outside generator power through a wall
to six, inside 120VAC outlets.
IMPORTANT: ONLY PLUG-IN ONE APPLIANCE PER RECEPTACLE.
LEDs light the area & indicate power available.
Outdoor box has a locking L14-30P connection.
30A, 20 ft cord with L14-30R & NEMA TT-30P
connections. The generator has a TT-30R outlet.
Where: R = Receptacle & P = Plug.
Receptacle points down; shielded from weather.
An easy to install, well-designed & built unit.
Automotive gauges. Metric on the right.
Short-bladed wood saw.
Cuts through wood fast.
Miter saw & box.
Drywall saw punctures & cuts fast.
Wood rasp; fast material removal.
Wood rasp blade detail; sharp.
These wood chisels hold their edges very well.
Big handles with steel-reinforced ends.
Wood-turning tools for lathe.
See all PFEIL "Swiss Made" products on Amazon
Phillips Screw Drivers, Slotted Screwdrivers, Small Screwdrivers,